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《市场监管总局关于支持疫情防控 和复工复产反垄断执法的公告》解读

来源:im电竞_【正规体育投注】 时间: 2020-04-17

im电竞4yue5ri,shichangjianguanzongjufabule《guanyuzhichiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanfanlongduanzhifadegonggao》(2020niandi13hao)(yixiajiancheng《gonggao》)。weigenghaoluoshi《gonggao》gexiangzhengcecuoshi,quanlizhichiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchan,xiandui《gonggao》neirongyaodianjinxingjiedu。

一、为什么要制定《公告》?

dangqian,quanguozhengchuyutongchoutuijinxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchandeguanjianshiqi。xijinpingzongshujizhichuyaozaichangtaihuayiqingfangkongzhongjiakuaituijinshengchanshenghuozhixuquanmianhuifu,zhuajinjiejuefugongfuchanmianlindekunnanhewenti,lizhengbayiqingzaochengdesunshijiangdaozuidixiandu,quebaoshixianquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、juezhantuopingongjianmubiaorenwu。likeqiangzongliqiangdiao,yaozaizuohaochangtaihuafangkongdetongshi,jijichuangzaoyoulitiaojiantuijinquanmianfugongfuchan。

gongpingjingzhengdeshichanghuanjingshiqiyefugongfuchan、quanmianhuifushengchanshenghuozhixu、baochijingjipingwenyunxingdezhongyaojichu。yueshiteshushiqi、kunnanshike,shichangzhutiyueqidaigongpingjingzheng,minyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyeyuexuyaogongpingjingzheng。zhichiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchan,bixugengdaliduyingzaogongpingjingzhengdeshichanghuanjing。yiqingfangkongqijian,imdianjingjiedaoyixieqiyexiwangjiakuaijingyingzhejizhongshenchajindu、zhulifugongfuchandejianyi,yijiyiqingfangkongwuzijiageshangzhangshexianlongduanwentidefanying;difangshichangjianguanbumenjiusheyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanjingyingzhehezuoxieyihuomian、bawoyouguanzhengcegongpingjingzhengshenchajiexiandengwentitichuzixun。weijinyibuguancheluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushu,jishihuiyingqiyehedifangshichangjianguanbumenzaiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanzhongdefanlongduanguanzhu,qieshijiejueqiyemianlindeshijikunnan,imdianjingjianchiwentidaoxiang,shenrufenxidangqianyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanxingshiyaoqiu,yanjiuzhiding《gonggao》,genghaofahuifanlongduanjianguanzhineng,yingzaogongpingjingzhengdeshichanghuanjing,quanlizhichiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchan。

二、《公告》具有哪些突出特点?

im电竞《gonggao》zhenduidangqianyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanzhongshichangzhutimianlinfanlongduanfangmiandetuchuwenti,jinxinglequanmianxitonghuiying,tichuleyixilieqieshikexingdejuticuoshihebanfa,tixianlewugetedian:

一是态度。im电竞《公告》将支持疫情防控和复工复产作为当前反垄断工作的重中之重,明确了疫情防控期间反垄断执法的立场和态度,有利于明确法律界限,有利于稳定市场预期,也有利于市场监管部门统一认识、形成合力。

二是速度。im电竞经营者集中申报采取非现场方式进行,为涉疫情防控和复工复产经营者集中案件建立审查绿色通道,依法加快审查,最大程度为企业节约交易时间、降低交易成本,助力企业发展。

三是力度。《公告》明确将防控物资、公用事业、重要民生商品作为当前反垄断执法的重点关注领域,要求切实加大执法力度,坚决依法从严从重从快查处妨碍疫情防控和复工复产的垄断行为,保护市场公平竞争,维护人民群众切身利益。

四是精度。支持疫情防控和复工复产需要科学监管、精准施策。《公告》针对疫情防控和复工复产的实际需要,提出依法豁免涉疫情防控和复工复产的经营者合作协议,加强公平竞争审查政策支持,着力回应和解决当前企业发展和政策制定中面临的现实问题。

五是温度。市场监管部门既是监管部门,也是im电竞部门。《公告》要求市场监管部门切实加强对经营者的合规指导和im电竞,及时响应企业反垄断诉求,帮助企业渡过难关、恢复生产,寓监管于im电竞之中,体现了反垄断工作的“温度”。  

三、市场监管总局在加快审查涉疫情防控和复工复产的经营者集中案件方面有哪些具体举措?

tigaojingyingzhejizhongshenchaxiaolv,baozhanghezhichiqiyebinggoujiaoyi,duijiangdiqiyejiaoyichengben、wendingshichangyuqi、tizhenqiyexinxin、jiakuaifugongfuchanjuyouzhongyaozuoyong。shichangjianguanzongjucongweihuqiyeqieshenliyi、zhichiqiyefazhanchufa,jishidiaozhenggongzuofangshi、youhuashenchaliucheng、tigaoshenchaxiaolv,qieshibaozhangqiyebinggoujiaoyishunlijinxing。

一是实行非现场申报。申报人可以通过电子邮箱提交申报材料及补充问题回复,不方便网上办理的也可以邮寄。受理通知、补充文件清单、立案通知及审查决定也将通过电子邮箱或传真送达,在减少人员聚集和流动的同时,提高申报、立案和审查效率。

二是建立绿色通道。im电竞对医药制造、医疗仪器设备及器械制造、食品制造、交通运输、批发零售等与疫情防控和基本民生密切相关领域,受疫情影响较重的餐饮、住宿、旅游等行业,以及为复工复产实施的经营者集中案件,建立审查绿色通道,依法加快审查,为企业并购交易提供有力支持。

三是加强全程指导。im电竞通过电话会议、电子邮件等形式,与经营者保持高频互动,为经营者提交完备申报文件、资料提供全程指导,在基本文件资料齐全后第一时间立案审查,有效压缩审查时间、提高审查效率。

zheixiecuoshifahuilejijixiaoguo。yijidu,shichangjianguanzongjushoudaojingyingzhejizhongshenbao111jian、lian113jian、shenjie111jian,tongbizengzhang4.7%、6.6%he0.9%;pingjunshenjieshijianbiquniansuoduan8tian,xiajiang26.9%,weiqiyejieyuelejiaoyishijian、jiangdilejiaoyichengben,youlidizhichileyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchan。

四、《公告》提出依法豁免涉疫情防控和复工复产的经营者合作协议,请介绍主要考虑和有关情况。

《fanlongduanfa》jinzhijingyingzhedachenglongduanxieyi,tongshiyeguidingleduixieyidehuomianqingxing。yiqingfangkongqijian,youyugongyinglianchongjidailaidegongjijianshaohuozhebufenshangpinxuqiujizhongzengjia,kenengdaozhishangpingongxuzhijianchuxianquekou;tongshi,zaiyaopinyimiao、jiancejishu、yiliaoqixie、fanghushebeidengfangmianyekenengxuyaojinxinglianheyanfa,weidayingyiqingfangkongzujizhantigongqiangdakejizhicheng。jingyingzhezhijianweicidachengheshishideyixiehezuoxieyi,nenggoubaozhangzhongyaofangkongwuzigongying、zengqiangfugongfuchannengli,youzhuyucujinjishujinbuhezengjinxiaolv,shixianshehuigonggongliyi,baohuxiaofeizheliyi,fuhe《fanlongduanfa》duixieyidehuomianguiding。

《gonggao》yijuimdianjingguo《fanlongduanfa》guiding,jieheyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanshiji,mingquehexihualexieyihuomiandejutiqingxing,baokuo:yishiweiyaopinyimiao、jiancejishu、yiliaoqixie、fanghushebeidenglingyugaijinjishu、yanjiukaifaxinchanpin;ershiweitigaofangkongwuzichanpinzhiliang、jiangdichengben、zengjinxiaolvertongyichanpinguige、biaozhunhuozheshixingzhuanyehuafengong;sanshiweishixianjiuzaijiuzhudengshehuigonggongliyi;sishiweitigaozhongxiaojingyingzhejingyingxiaolv、zengqiangzhongxiaojingyingzhejingzhengli。tongguoliejudefangshi,mingque《fanlongduanfa》falvjiexian,zhichijingyingzhezaizunshou《fanlongduanfa》deqiantixiakaizhanhezuo,tishengqiyejingzhengli,weiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanzuochujijigongxian。dachengshangshuhezuoxieyidejingyingzhekeyixiangshichangjianguanzongjutichuhuomianshenqing,shichangjianguanzongjujiangjijijiyuzhidao,fuhe《fanlongduanfa》guidingde,yifajiyuhuomian。

im电竞zheiyizuofayuqitaguojiahediqufanlongduanzhifajigoudezhifaqushishiyizhide。imdianjingzhuyidao,meiguo、oumengdengqitaguojiahediqufanlongduanzhifajigouyefabuleleisidezhidaoxingwenjian,gulihezhichijingyingzhezaiguanjianxingyaopin、yiliaoshebei、fangkongyongpindengfangmianshishilianheshengchan、yanfa、caigouyijijishushujugongxiangdenghezuoxingwei,bingtongguoshelikuaijiechengxu、tigongkuanweihandengfangshiyuyizhidao。

五、哪些行业和领域是疫情防控期间反垄断执法重点?

gongpingjingzhengdeshichangzhixuduibaochifangkongwuzihezhongyaominshengshangpinjiagewending、gongyingchongzuzhiguanzhongyao。yiqingfangkongqijian,imdianjingjiedaoyixieguanyuyiqingfangkongwuzijiageshangzhangshexianlongduanwentidejubao,bingxunsukaizhanlehechagongzuo。zhenduiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanxuyao,《gonggao》mingquejiangfangkongwuzi、gongyongshiye、zhongyaominshengshangpinzuoweiyiqingfangkongqijianfanlongduanzhifadezhongzhongzhizhong,yanlidajifangaiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchandelongduanxingwei,qieshibaohuyiqingfangkongwuzishichanggongpingjingzheng,weihurenminqunzhongqieshenliyi。duiyukouzhao、yaopin、yiliaoqixie、xiaoshayongpindengfangkongwuzijiyuanfucailiao,gongshui、gongdian、gongqidengyuminshengmiqiexiangguandexingyehelingyucunzaidexietongzhangjia、xianzhichanliang、fengeshichang、lianhedizhi、gudinghuoxiandingzhuanshoujiagedenglongduanxieyi,yijibugongpinggaojia、jujuejiaoyi、xiandingjiaoyi、dashouhuofujiabuhelijiaoyitiaojian、chabiedaiyudenglanyongshichangzhipeidiweixingwei,shichangjianguanbumenjiangyifacongyancongzhongcongkuaichachu,bingjishigongkaipuguangdianxinganli,duifa“yiqingcai”deweifaxingweilutoujiuda、juebuguxi,weiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchantigongjianshibaozhang。

im电竞juimdianjinglejie,yixieguojiahediqufanlongduanzhifajigouyefenfenjiadafangkongwuzi、zhongyaominshengshangpindenglingyudezhifalidu,yanlidajiliyongyiqingmouqulongduanliyideweifaxingwei。rumeiguosifabubiaoshijiangduizaikouzhao、huxiji、zhenduanshebeidenglingyushishihexinkateerxingwei(longduanxieyi)derenherentiqixingshisusong;ribengongpingjingzhengweiyuanhuijinggaoshangjiabudekunbanggaojiashangpinxiaoshoukouzhao;hanguo、yidalifanlongduanzhifajigouduidianshangpingtaibuhelizhangjiaxingweikaizhandiaochadeng。

六、《公告》要求加强公平竞争审查政策支持,具体将采取哪些举措?

im电竞gongpingjingzhengshenchashizhidingsheqizhengcecuoshidebijingchengxu。gejishichangjianguanbumenjiangzhichizhengcezhidingjiguankexuekaizhangongpingjingzhengshencha,zhunquebawozhengcejiexian,kuaisushenchatongguoyouliyuyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchandezhengcecuoshi。

一是保障公平竞争。各类帮扶政策应以保障公平竞争为原则和前提,防止出于短期利益,出台含有指定交易、固定价格、分割市场等排除、限制竞争内容的政策措施,影响全国统一开放、竞争有序市场体系im电竞,切实为企业复工复产清障减负,营造公平竞争的政策环境。

二是优化审查流程。对有利于保障重要防控物资生产供应,帮扶受疫情影响严重的行业和地区经营者恢复生产、渡过难关,扩大消费、稳定就业的政策措施,要指导和帮助政策制定机关简化审查流程、快速审查通过,切实增强政策支持的及时性、针对性和有效性。

三是准确适用例外。im电竞对排除和限制市场竞争不严重,且有助于实现扶贫开发、救灾救助等社会保障目的和社会公共利益的政策措施,可以在明确实施期限后出台,进一步加大对疫情防控和复工复产的政策支持力度。

im电竞gejishichangjianguanbumenzuoweibenjigongpingjingzhengshenchalianxihuiyiqiantoubumen,jiangchongfenfahuitongchouxiediaozuoyong,jiaqiangyuzhengcezhidingjiguandegoutongimdianjing,jishidafuzhengcezhidingjiguandeyijianzhengxun,zhichihebangzhuzhengcezhidingjiguanbazhunzhengcejiexian、tigaoshenchaxiaolv,zuohaogongpingjingzhengshenchagongzuo,genghaoimdianjingyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchan。

七、市场监管部门在加强经营者反垄断合规指导方面开展了哪些工作?

jingyingzhezijuekaizhanfanlongduanhegui,shicongyuantoufangfanlongduanxingweideyouxiaocuoshi。zaiyiqingfangkongqijian,gulihezhidaojingyingzhejianlijianquanfanlongduanfalvheguizhidu,zhichixingyexiehuijiaqiangxingyezilv,keyijiangdijingyingzheheguichengben,tigaojingyingzhezijuezunshoufanlongduanfalvfagui、gongpingkaizhanshichangjingzhengdeyishihenengli,zuidaxiandujianshaolongduanxingweifasheng,xingchengyingzaogongpingjingzhenghuanjing、zhichiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchandeqiangdaheli。

im电竞2019nian11yue,shichangjianguanzongjujiu《jingyingzhefanlongduanheguizhinan》gongkaizhengqiushehuigongzhongyijian,weijingyingzhejiaqiangfanlongduanheguitigongquanmianzhiyin。zhejiang、shanghaidengdijiehegongzuoshiji,zhidinglebendiqufanlongduanheguizhiyin;jinqi,heilongjiang、jiangxi、jilindengdiweituidongqiyefugongfuchan,fabulefanlongduanfengxiantishiheheguizhiyin,junduijingyingzhezuohaofanlongduanheguiqidaolehenhaodezhidaozhiyinzuoyong。xiayibu,geshengjishichangjianguanbumenjianganzhao《gonggao》yaoqiu,jixujiaqiangduijingyingzhedefanlongduanheguizhidaoheimdianjing,yindaojingyingzhequanmian、youxiaokaizhanfanlongduanheguiguanligongzuo,zijuezunshoufanlongduanfalvfagui,yifakaizhanjingzheng,zhudongweihushichangjingzhengzhixu。

八、对疫情防控和复工复产有关的反垄断问题,经营者和消费者可以通过哪些渠道反映或者咨询?市场监管总局将如何回应?

im电竞changtonggongzhongsuqiuqudao,shijianchiwentidaoxiang,qieshizengqiangzhichiyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanzhengcecuoshijishixing、zhenduixing、youxiaoxingdeguanjian。《gonggao》gongkailebaokuodianhua、dianziyoujian、chuanzhen、youji、wangzhangongzhongliuyandengzaineidegezhonglianxifangshi。renhedanweihegerenkeyitongguozheixiequdao,xiangshichangjianguanzongjutichuyuyiqingfangkonghefugongfuchanxiangguandefanlongduanyewuzixun、huomianshenqinghetousujubao。tongshi,shichangjianguanzongjujianlifanlongduansuqiukuaisuxiangyingjizhi,jiangzai2gegongzuorineiyulianxirenjinxinglianxi,quebaojianjianyouzheluo、shishiyouhuiyin。

zi2yue5rishichangjianguanzongjufabu《guanyudiaozhengyiqingfangkongqijianjiedaidenggongzuofangshidegonggao》yilai,shichangjianguanzongjufanlongduanjuyijieshougeleiqiyezixun700yuci,jishibangzhuqiyejiejuejingyingzhejizhongshenbao、gongpingcanyushichangjingzhengdengfangmiandezhengcefalvwenti,qieshiweiqiyepaiyoujienan,youlituidonglefugongfuchan。fanlongduanjujiangjixujijihuiyingjingyingzhehexiaofeizhesuqiu,baohushichanggongpingjingzheng,weihuxiaofeizheliyi,quanlizhichiyiqingfangkongheqiyefugongfuchan。


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